Updates? It was a Punjabi dialect with words taken from Sanskrit, prakrit, Apabrahmsa , Farsi and even Arabi due to Muslim invasions. It is the most widely spoken native language in Pakistan. google_ad_slot = "7826017048"; History Of Punjabi Language, its origin and Growth Punjabi is the language of Punjab, the land of the five rivers. In Pakistan, Punjabi is spoken by about one-half of all households. The two regions developed from ancient agricultural settlements that were the Harappan civilization from the Third Millenium BC onwards. Gurmukhi was developed from the Landa script in part and was standardized by Guru Angad. Use of the conjunct forms of Vava and Yayya is increasingly scarce in modern contexts. Punjabis have been known to have inhabited the Indus Valley as far back as 2500 BC. This officially recognized Indian Punjabi is generally taken as standard in descriptions of the language. It evolved out of the Apabhramsa of the region. It started with the Christian ideology when the creation of the world was reduced to nearly 2000 years but now it has been vastly expanded to 16 billion years and even that is not accurate stat. Being one of the widely spoken languages in the world,Punjabi is the official language of the Indian State of Punjab and the shared State Capital Chandigarh. He wrote much but most of these were destroyed due to foreign invasions and others are preserved in Adi Granth of Sikhs. History of Sikhism in Punjab: Sikhism originated during the 15th century in the Punjab region. Punjabi literature, body of writing in the Punjabi language. He gave a new identity to Punjabi language and to Punjabi people of all casts and creeds. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). In order to keep Punjabi language to its original impulses of form & expression, it was necessary to have it written down in its own script. This race or the tribe was named Aryan or Arya which means the noble one. In Pakistan the general maintenance of the historical preference for Urdu has stood in the way of those who looked to achieve an increased status for Punjabi, albeit in a form more obviously influenced in its script and vocabulary by Urdu and so itself somewhat different from standard Indian Punjabi. The Gurmukhi script was first used to record the Sikh scriptures, the Adi Granth, in 1604. Even Muslims were initiated into yogic cults & non Muslims took freely from Muslim saints. Author of, Siraiki language: Siraiki, Punjabi, and Sindhi. In spite of Punjabi’s very large numbers of speakers and rich traditions of popular poetry, the standardization of the language was historically inhibited by lack of official recognition as well as by the different cultural preferences of the three main local religious communities of Muslims, Hindus, and Sikhs. google_ad_client = "ca-pub-0738034589407107"; Punjabi is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by the people of historical Punjab - both in Pakistan as well as in India. History of Punjabi Language The Punjabilanguage is written using two systems: Shahmukhi— a Perso-Arabic alphabet (ست سِری اَکال), and Gurmukhi— a modified Sikh script (ਸਤਿ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਅਕਾਲ।). In Canada it is the 4 th most spoken language. His name is truth. Punjabi is the language, which was used by the Sikh Gurus. These were proud people noble in deed and action, independent and unique. Second Guru in 18th century, Guru Angad did a great service to the language by creating a Gurmukhi script which incorporates all the  sounds used by Punjabi People. These wanderers travelled from place to place, singing and preaching their message of human brotherhood. Punjabi is also spoken as a minority language in several other co… Punjabi is a descendent of a language of northern India called Shauraseni. Punjabi is an Indo-Aryan language.It is the first language of about 130 million people, and is the 10th most spoken language in the world. In India, Punjabi is spoken as a native language by 3% of the population. In addition, four conjuncts are used: three subjoined forms of the consonants Rara, Haha and Vava, and one half-form of Yayya. GurmukhÄ« (Punjabi: ਗੁਰਮੁਖੀ, [ˈɡʊɾmʊkÊ°iː], Shahmukhi: گُرمُکھی ‎) is an abugida developed from the Laṇḍā scripts, standardized and used by the second Sikh guru, Guru Angad (1504–1552). Parallel with Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilisation it became Indus Valley civilisation, with its advanced urban planning, new scientific knowledge, the arts and other moral aspects of life. Punjabi developed a written literature later than most of the other regional languages of the Indian subcontinent, and some writings from its early centuries, such as those of the first Sikh Guru, Nanak (1469–1539), are in Old Hindi rather than true Punjabi. He travelled far from North of India to the south as far as Shri Lanka and to Tibet in the North. Punjabi is thus today one of the very few languages in the world to be written in two quite different and mutually unintelligible scripts. https://www.britannica.com/topic/Punjabi-language. He is creator of all. Punjab, state of India, located in the northwestern part of the subcontinent. The music is endless, there is bliss untold. The word Punjab is made with two words Punjand ab. Beyond thought, no thinking can conceive Him, not even minds of men should think for ages and ages. Punjabi is an ancient language, but like Punjabi, started its literary career pretty late. As is generally the case with such disputes about language identity, the arguments are based only partly... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Punjabi is the most widely spoken language in Pakistan, the 11th most widely spoken language in India and the third most-spoken native language in the Indian subcontinent. A new phase of purer linguistic was ushered in, when Guru Nanak arrived at the scene. Small indeed is the honour won outside the Self by making pilgrimage and penance or being kind and giving charity to others. Caste system & division of people into high and low status, may be responsible among Hindus. Keep Reading Punjabi Books Books are the quietest and most constant of friends; they are the most accessible and wisest of counselors, and the most patient of … The verbs take form for future tense only and an auxiliary verb form is used for the present and the past tense. Therefore, the word Punjab means five waters, and is thought of as “the land of five rivers”. Many ancient Sufi mystics and later Guru Nanak Dev ji, the first Guru of the Sikhism started the literary tradition in Punjabi. booksbylanguage_punjabi Mediatype collection Publicdate 2018-11-06 02:07:51 Scanner Internet Archive Python library 1.8.1 Search_collection mediatype:texts AND language:(punjabi OR pun) Title Punjabi : Books by Language In Pakistan Punjabi is spoken by some 70 million speakers, mostly in Punjab province, but official status at both the national and the provincial level is reserved for Urdu. There are many people in other states of India, as Haryana, Rajasthan and Jammu & Kashmir, who speak Punjabi as their mother tongue. Over 93% of people who speak Punjabi as their first language live in Pakistan and India. Furthermore, Sikh writers were mainly responsible for developing Punjabi as a modern standard language, and the Sikh political leadership in 1966 finally achieved the goal of an albeit truncated state with Punjabi as its official language. Few examples of its surviving sculpture pieces show very modernistic terracotta figurines of bull, girls with bangles and male portraits. The whole of  Guru Granth Sahib is written in this script and this script is used by Sikhs and Hindus for writing the Punjabi language. In the thinking mode of western people it is a fact as to reduce the millennia time. PUNJABI 2. There is a peculiar symbolism here - on the one hand, the history of this village is associated with the growth of Sikhism, a religion that elevated Punjabi to the status of a divine language, and on the other, the area now hosts the head office of a school that has deemed Punjabi to be a "foul language". Punjabi is the predominantly spoken language in the Punjab province of Pakistan (and the most widely spoken language in Pakistan according to the CIA factbook), although it has no official status there, and both U… By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Before advent of Guru Nanak, there were various poetical sensitive people active in the soil Punjab, trying to find the best way to reach divine and among these Naths & Yogis were prominent. Literary Hindi, written in the Devanagari script, has been strongly influenced by Sanskrit.Its standard form is based on the Khari Boli dialect, found to the north and east of Delhi. It is rumoured that Farid went into the wilderness to meditate and took with him a piece of wood shaped like chapatti and bit into  it whenever he felt pangs of hunger thus severing his bonds with material things of the world. Arabic & Semitic influences among Muslims took them to certain extent, towards the dilution. He brought poetry for common folks. It is also spoken in neighbouring areas such as Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh. Demography and Geography of Punjabi Language “Punjab” is a combination of two Persian words, “Punj” meaning five and “ab” (Pronounced Aab) meaning water. Originally all Punjabis must have the same inheritance but among Hindus & Muslims there was a dilution. The Ravi River was the prime location where their ancestors settled, and the Afghans, Turks… Punjabi is the native language of about 130 million people, and is the 10th most spoken language in the world. Commonly regarded as a Sikh script, Gurmukhi is used in Punjab, India as the official script of the Punjabi language. The region of Mind is lit with God’s light. Punjabi is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by over 100 million native speakers worldwide, making it the 11th most widely spoken language in the world. Punjabi language, Punjabi also spelled Panjabi, one of the most widely spoken Indo-Aryan languages. There are the usual conflicting claims to the great writers of the past, but all devotees of the Punjabi literary tradition, in both India and Pakistan, find the supreme expression of their shared cultural identity in the rich expression of the Muslim poet Waris (or Varis) Shah’s great romance Hir (1766; also spelled Heer). As of 2008, government run schools have been providing compulsory Punjabi lessons. In most other Indo-Aryan-speaking areas of South Asia, the modern period saw overlapping local dialects being grouped into strictly defined provincial languages, but this process has taken much longer to happen in Punjab. PUNJABI LANGUAGE 1. Most of the people who speak this language live in the Punjab region of Pakistan and India.It is also widely spoken in Haryana, India Himachal Pradesh, India and Delhi, India.It is spoken by the majority of the population of Pakistan. //-->. Earlier this week, the Punjab Assembly passed a resolution that would make Punjabi a compulsory first language in all schools from class 1 through to class 10. In the middle ages the Punjabi culture was limited to an individual’s community, caste and village. The word Punjabi (sometimes spelled Panjabi) has been derived from the word Panj-āb, Persian for 'Five Waters', referring to the five major eastern tributaries of the Indus River. The Punjab regions gave the Punjab nation their identity and homogeneous culture. Same thing can be said about the Aryan race that originated in the steppes of Central Asia, in a vast are bordering Turkmenistan and Caspian Sea. Most of the people who speak this language live in the Punjab region of Pakistan and India Punjabi is the religious language of the Sikhs. A person who resides in the region of Punjab and is also a speaker of the Punjabi language is considered a Punjabi. Emeritus Professor of Modern Languages of South Asia, School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), University of London. The Punjabis (Punjabi (): پنجابی ; Punjabi (): ਪੰਜਾਬੀ) or the Punjabi people are an Indo-Aryan ethnolinguistic group associated with the Punjab region in South Asia, specifically in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent presently divided between Indian and Pakistani Punjab.They speak Punjabi, a language from the Indo-Aryan language family. Other languages were cultivated for most kinds of writing, including Persian under the Mughal Empire, then Urdu during the British period and, in Pakistan, continuing to the present day. History and varieties. The old British spelling “Punjabi” remains in more common general usage than the academically precise “Panjabi.” In the early 21st century there were about 30 million speakers of Punjabi in India. The name Punjab itself means, “Land of the Five Rivers” It has its origin from the Persian words panj (five) and ab (river). In India, Punjabi is written in the distinctive Gurmukhi script, which is particularly associated with the Sikhs. Baba Bulleh Shah was the most famous Punjabi Sufi poet who put Saraiki language culture into the Punjabi Language. It is spoken as a first language by over 44% of Pakistanis. This was about 33 million in 2011. The culture of Punjab encompasses the spoken language, written literature, cuisine, science, technology, military warfare, architecture, traditions,sacrifices, values and history of the Punjabi people native to the northern part of the Indian subcontinent.The term 'Punjabi' can mean both a person who lives in Punjab and also a speaker of the Punjabi language. One notable example is the teaching of Punjabi language and literature by the University of the Punjab in Lahore which began in 1970 with the establishment of its Punjabi Department. /* 160x600, created 5/27/08 */ Omissions? He is one. There were 76 million Punjabi speakers in Pakistan in 2008. The script is Gurmukhi based on Devanagri. There is a significant degree of mutual intelligibility with Hindi and Urdu, although the three languages are sharply differentiated by their scripts, and Punjabi is historically distinguished by its retention of Middle Indo-Aryan (MIA) doubled consonants following a short vowel, so that Sanskrit akshi ‘eye’ becomes MIA akkhi and Punjabi akkh, versus Hindi-Urdu aankh. Punjabis have been known to have inhabited the Indus Valley as far back as 2500 BC. Prominent among them was Baba Farid who was a mystic of high order and composed his verses in Punjabi dialect and these were imbued with fervours of feeling for love of God and vagaries of human life. Corrections? In the villages of Punjab, Punjabi is the most widely spoken language. It is one of the second official languages of Delhi and Haryana. Punjab in its present state came into existence on November 1, 1966, when most of its predominantly Hindi-speaking areas were separated to form the new state of Haryana.